´Around 200.000 Chileans live in extreme poverty´

SANTIAGO – Many Chileans don’t have the necessary conditions to develop a good lifestyle. As shown in the Casen 2017 survey, more than 590,000 Chileans are living in poverty. Their incomes aren’t enough to pay for the most basic needs like health, education, and housing services.

Nowadays poverty gets measured in two ways. One of them is by using the income rate, and the other one is through a wider analysis that points to identify the shortage and deterioration a person can experience. Even though that person’s incomes are enough to be off the poverty line. The phenomenon is called multidimensional poverty.

According to the data released by the socioeconomic survey Casen 2017, almost 3.000.000 people are living in multidimensional poverty conditions. That is to say, they experience shortcoming in education, health, work, social security, housing and social development. In addition, there exist around 937, 670 people living in poverty conditions due to their low income. But the most affected, are those 590,614 inhabitants who are experiencing both conditions.

“They are people who don’t have enough income to be off the poverty line and suffer some kind of shortcoming that make them to be considered as multidimensionally poor. We have even observed that 30% of those 590,614 Chileans are extremely poor,” said the undersecretary of Social Development, Alejandra Candia.

´The state does not provide´

Dieter Koch, Director of Institutional Analysis and Strategic Development of the Metropolitan Technological University, remarked that he isn’t surprised by the fact that so many people are living in both conditions. “It is a serious problem, as there is an big group of people who neither have what’s necessary to live, nor they receive what’s necessary to satisfy their basic needs and rights,” Koch said.

“It shows that if a family doesn’t have enough money to pay the minimal supplies to survive, the state doesn’t provide them with the necessary conditions to get access to basic human rights,” added Director Koch.

Multidimensional poverty

Among the main aspects of poverty, there are the dependence on scholarships (24,9%), lack of social security (30,7%), no retirement pensions (10,7%), deplorable housing (18,8%), no equal treatment (13,7%), and lack of general security (12%). The analysis showed that those people aren’t listed in the retirement system, and didn’t finish their school. The survey observed that some of these people are living in overcrowded houses, or in houses in deplorable state.

The survey also shows that these people are among those who have a higher chance of being discriminated, sometimes because they are immigrants. But the discrimination also takes place among Chileans, where having a better financial situation or living in a better neighborhood often goes hand in hand with a sense of superiority over those living in poorer conditions.

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